Before this if you want to see Git workflow/ three tree architecture
To check the difference between Repository and working directory using following command-
To get the difference in words instead of whole statement highlighted with diff, use following command-
git diff --color-words
To check staged changes difference, use following command-
git diff --staged
To delete file from working directory and from repo, use following command-
git rm file-to-delete.txt
The file will be staged with this command so you dont need to explicitly stage the deleted file.
Commit this file-
git commit -m "file deleted."
Please note while doing so the files will be permanently deleted and not found in thrash to recover. So use this command wisely if the file is not in the repo for you to pull back.
Rename file in repository and working folder, use following command-
git mv filebeforerenaming.txt fileafterrenaming.txt
This shall rename file and stage the changes. So this is not required to manually staged.