Class MethodStatic Method
requires “cls” as first parameter does not require parameters
has the ability to access the state of objectdoes not influence the state of the object
method decorated with @classmethodmethod decorated with @staticmethod
they can be used to create objectscan be only used as a helper method
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Abstract Method
requires to import abc package and abc.ABC as first parameter
cannot be instanted, gives TypeError is tried to instantiate Abstract Class
method decorated with @abstractmethod
can be used as super class and implementation should be in subclass
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